In the section Articles
Title of the article Dynamics and Determinants of Intra and Inter-Regional Income Differentiation of the Population of the Russian Federation
Pages 44-66
Author 1 Marina Yuryevna Malkina
Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department Head.
Lobachevsky State University of Nizhniy Novgorod
37 Bolshaya Pokrovskaya Street, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia, 603000
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Abstract The article examines the dynamics and factors of intra- and inter-regional per capita income differentiation and convergence among the subjects of the Russian Federation in 2004-2012. The analysis is based on converting nominal GRP to real GRP using the cumulative index-deflator and nominal income to real income using the index of relative cost of living in the region. The author reveals the fact that in the majority of Russian regions the reduction in inter-regional differences in per capita income was accompanied by growth of intra-regional inequality in its distribution. The paper also shows that the gap in income and its differentiation between «bottom» and «top» regions is gradually filling up. Using the constructed index of «social well-being of the region» that takes into account both mentioned phenomena the author considers the b type of inter-regional convergence although this process has a more subtle form and noticeably slowed down after the crisis. Converting the statistical concentration indices (Gini and variation coefficients, Herfindahl- Hirschman and Theil indices) to the uneven distribution ones, the author estimates the reduction degree of inter-regional disparities in per capita rates of nominal GRP and nominal and real income during 9 years. The comparison of mentioned indices allowed us to identify that the state redistributive policy has a significant and increasing impact on the reduction of inter-regional income differentiation and the variance of cost of living in the regions has less significant but stable influence.
Code 330.34:332.1
DOI 10.14530/se.2014.3.44-66
Keywords ♦ region ♦ income ♦ GRP ♦ differentiation ♦ index of «social well-being of the regions» ♦ Gini coefficient ♦ Herfindahl-Hirschman index ♦ Theil index
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For citation Malkina M.Y. Dynamics and Determinants of Intra and Inter-Regional Income Differentiation of the Population of the Russian Federation. Prostranstvennaya Ekonomika = Spatial Economics, 2014, no. 3, pp. 44-66. DOI: 10.14530/se.2014.3.44-66. (In Russian).
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