In the section Articles
Title of the article Interaction of Regional Labour Markets in Russia: Spatial Econometric Analysis
Pages 57-80
Author 1 Elena Vyacheslavovna Semerikova
Master of Economics, Postgraduate Student.
National Research University ‘Higher School of Economics’
26 Shabolovka St., Moscow, Russia, 119049
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Author 2 Olga Anatolyevna Demidova
PhD (Physics and Mathematics), Associate Professor
National Research University ‘Higher School of Economics’
26 Shabolovka St., Moscow, Russia, 119049
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Abstract With the help of spatial regression models and classical models of panel data the study identifies and assesses the various factors’ influence on the unemployment rate in Russian regions from 2005 to 2010. Using the spatial autoregressive lag model the authors revealed that the change (increase or decrease) in the level of unemployment in one region leads to its changes in other regions. The use of spatial regression models allowed the researchers to identify the effect of higher education on the unemployment rate in the region: the higher share of the employed with higher education corresponds to the lower unemployment rate. This can’t be revealed with the help of classical models of panel data. In addition, some regional characteristics have nonlinear functional dependence of unemployment rate, which requires the algorithm modification for finding direct, indirect and total effects and their confidence intervals using the Monte Carlo approach.
Code 332.+330.43
DOI 10.14530/se.2016.3.057-080
Keywords spatial econometric modeling ♦ unemployment rate ♦ region ♦ Russia
Download SE.2016.3.057-080.Semerikova.pdf
For citation Semerikova E.V., Demidova O.A. Interaction of Regional Labour Markets in Russia: Spatial Econometric Analysis. Prostranstvennaya Ekonomika = Spatial Economics, 2016, no. 3, pp. 57-80. DOI: 10.14530/se.2016.3.057-080. (In Russian).
References 1. Blinova T.V., Rusanovskiy V.A. Economic Policy, Employment Structure and Unemployment in the Russian Regions. Moscow, 2002, 46 p. (In Russian).
2. Vakulenko E.S. Analysis of the Relationship between Regional Labour Markets in Russia Using Okun’s Model. Prikladnaya Ekonometrika – Applied Econometrics, 2015, no. 4 (40), pp. 28–48. (In Russian).
3. Vakulenko E.S. Does Migration Lead to Regional Convergence in Russia? Vestnik Novosibirskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta Ekonomiki i Upravleniya [Bulletin of Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management], 2013, no. 4, pp. 239–264. (In Russian).
4. Kolomak Е.А. Spatial Externalities as a Resource for Economic Growth. Region: Ekonomika i Sotsiologiya – Regional Research of Russia, 2010, no. 4, pp. 73–87. (In Russian).
5. Lugovoy O., Dashkeev V., Mazaev I., Fomchenko D., Polyakov E., Hecht A. Economic, Geographical and Institutional Aspects of Regional Economic Growth in Russia. Moscow: Institute for the Economy in Transition, 2007, 164 p. (In Russian).
6. Oshchepkov A., Kapeliushnikov R. Regional Labour Markets: 15 Years of Differences. Working Paper WP3/2015/10. Мoscow: National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2015, 73 p. (In Russian).
7. Semerikova E.V., Demidova О.А. Analysis of Regional Unemployment in Russia and Germany: Spatial-Econometric Approach. Prostranstvennaya Ekonomika = Spatial Economics, 2015, no. 2 (42), pp. 64–85. DOI: 10.14530/se.2015.2.064-085. (In Russian).
8. Anselin L. Spatial Econometrics: Methods and Models (Studies in Operational Regional Science). Springer Netherlands, 1988, 284 p. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-015-7799-1
9. Aragon Y. et al. Explaining the Pattern of Regional Unemployment: The Case of the Midi-Pyrenees Region. Papers in Regional Science, 2003, vol. 82, issue 2, pp. 155–174. DOI: 10.1111/j.1435-5597.2003.tb00009.x
10. Cliff A.D., Ord J.K. Spatial Processes. Models and Applications. London: Pion, 1981, 266 р.
11. Cracolici M.F., Cuffaro M., Nijkamp P. Geographical Distribution of Unemployment: An Analysis of Provincial Differences in Italy. Growth and Change, 2007, vol. 38, issue 4, pp. 649–670. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2257.2007.00391.x
12. Demidova O. Spatial Effects for the Eastern and Western Regions of Russia: A Comparative Analysis. International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies, 2015, vol. 8, issue 2, pp. 153–168. DOI: 10.1504/ijepee.2015.069594
13. Elhorst J.P. The Mystery of Regional Unemployment Differentials: Theoretical and Empirical Explanations. Journal of Economic Surveys, 2003, vol. 17, issue 5, pp. 709–748. DOI: 10.1046/j.1467-6419.2003.00211.x
14. Greenwood M.J. et al. Migration, Regional Equilibrium, and the Estimation of Compensating Differentials. The American Economic Review, 1991, vol. 81, issue 5, pp. 1382–1390.
15. Guriev S., Vakulenko E.S. Convergence between Russian Regions. Series ‘CEFIR / NES Working Paper’, 2012, no. 180.
16. Harris J.R., Todaro M.P. Migration, Unemployment and Development: A Two-Sector Analysis. The American Economic Review, 1970, vol. 60, issue 1, pp. 126–142.
17. Holzer H.J. Structural / Frictional and Demand – Deficient Unemployment in Local Labor Markets. Industrial Relations, 1993, vol. 32, issue 3, pp. 307–328. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-232X.1993.tb01052.x
18. Kholodilin K.A., Oshchepkov A., Siliverstovs B. The Russian Regional Convergence Process: Where is it Leading? Eastern European Economics, 2012, vol. 50, issue 3, pp. 5–26. DOI: 10.2753/eee0012-8775500301
19. Lee L.-f., Yu J. A Spatial Dynamic Panel Data Model with Both Time and Individual Fixed Effects. Econometric Theory, 2010, vol. 26, issue 2, pp. 564–597. DOI: 10.1017/S0266466609100099
20. LeSage J.P. What Regional Scientists Need to Know about Spatial Econometrics / Department of Finance & Economics, San Marcos, 2014, 31 p. Available at: (accessed June 2016).
21. LeSage J.P., Pace R.K. Introduction to Spatial Econometrics. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2009, 354 p.
22. Lottmann F. Explaining Regional Unemployment Differences in Germany: A Spatial Panel Data Analysis. SFB 649 ‘Economic Risk’. Discussion Paper 2012-026, 2012, 56 p.
23. Lottmann F. Regional Unemployment in Germany: A Spatial Panel Data Analysis. ERSA Conference Papers, 2012, 45 р. Available at: (accessed June 2016).
24. Marston S.T. Two Views of the Geographic Distribution of Unemployment. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1985, vol. 100, issue 1, pp. 57–79. DOI: 10.2307/1885735
25. Martin R. Regional Unemployment Disparities and their Dynamics. Regional Studies, 1997, vol. 31, issue 3, pp. 237–252. DOI: 10.1080/00343409750134665
26. Molho I. Spatial Autocorrelation in British Unemployment. Journal of Regional Science, 1995, vol. 35, issue 4, pp. 641–658. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9787.1995.tb01297.x
27. Niebuhr A. Spatial Interaction and Regional Unemployment in Europe. European Journal of Spatial Development, 2003, no. 5, pp. 1–26.
28. Oswald A. The Housing Market and Europe’s Unemployment: A Non-Technical Paper. Homeownership and the Labour Market in Europe. Edited by C. van Ewijk, M. van Leuvensteijn. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543946.003.0003
29. Partridge M.D., Rickman D.S. Differences in State Unemployment Rates: The Role of Labor and Product Market Structural Shifts. Southern Economic Journal, 1995, vol. 62, issue 1, pp. 89–106. DOI: 10.2307/1061378
30. Partridge M.D., Rickman D.S. The Dispersion of US Dtate Unemployment Rates: The Role of Market and Non-Market Equilibrium Factors. Regional Studies, 1997, vol. 31, issue 6, pp. 593–606. DOI: 10.1080/00343409750131721
31. Taylor J. Regional Problems and Policies: A European Perspective. Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, 1996, pp. 103–131.

ISSN (Print) 1815-9834
ISSN (Online) 2587-5957

Minakir Pavel Aleksandrovich,
Tel.: +7 (4212) 725-225,
Fax: +7 (4212) 225-916,
Samokhina Lyudmila, Executive Editor
Tel.: +7 (4212) 226-053
Fax: +7 (4212) 225-916,
Tel.: +7 (4212) 226-053,
Fax: +7 (4212) 225-916,
To Editorial Staff of “Spatial Economics”
Economic Research Institute FEB RAS
153 Tikhookeanskaya St., Khabarovsk, RUSSIA, 680042



Creative Commons License
Unless otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License