In the section Articles
Title of the article Migration from the CIS Countries to Amur Oblast in the Context of the Synthetic Theory
Pages 105-132
Author 1 Tatiana Nikolaevna Zhuravskaya
PhD (Social Sciences), Junior Research Fellow; Senior Lecturer.
Economic Research Institute FEB RAS; Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU)
153 Tikhookeanskaya Street, Khabarovsk, 680042
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Abstract The article considers international migration from the CIS countries to the Amur region in 2010- 2014 in the context of the synthetic theory of international migration by D. Massey. It is shown that separate economic theories of migration cannot explain the CIS migrants’ choice of the Amur region as a destination. In particular, socio-economic indicators characterize the region as unattractive both for permanent (high mortality, low life expectancy, relatively low standard of living) and labor (low GRP, specialization in primary industries, high transport costs and pay for a patent) migration. The attractiveness factors of the region fit the theory of a dual labor market: the Amur region has higher wages than the countries of origin and the growing shortage of personnel. However, it is also insufficient to explain increasing migration flows from the CIS countries, which were identified on the basis of statistical data of the Federal Migration Service of the Amur region. Based on the analysis of qualitative data the author reveals the motives (economic, educational, cultural, forced, non-self-moving) and channels (social networks, intermediaries, enterprises, government programs) of migration. In general, the motivation and channels of migration in the case of the Amur region look quite traditional within the framework of economic theories. However, only a comprehensive consideration of all the issues allows determining regional specificity and answering the question about the destination choice. Sources of empirical data include following: series of keynote expert and biographical interviews carried out in 2014-2015, official statistical data of FSSS and FMS, as well as data from Amurstat, the FMS of the Amur region and the insurance company ‘Kolymskaya’
Code 314.74
DOI 10.14530/se.2016.3.105-132
Keywords migration from the CIS countries ♦ synthetic theory of international migration ♦ Amur oblast
Download SE.2016.3.105-132.Zhuravskaya.pdf
For citation Zhuravskaya T.N. Migration from the CIS Countries to Amur Oblast in the Context of the Synthetic Theory. Prostranstvennaya Ekonomika = Spatial Economics, 2016, no. 3, pp. 105-132. DOI: 10.14530/se.2016.3.105-132. (In Russian).
References 1. Amur Statistical Yearbook 2015: Statistical Collection. Amurstat. Blagoveshchensk, 2015, 564 p. (In Russian).
2. The Quota for Foreign Workers was Reduced in the Amur Territory. Available at: (accessed February 2016). (In Russian).
3. Vasilenko P.V. Foreign Theories of Population Migration. Pskovskiy Regionalisti-cheskiy Zhurnal [Pskov Regional Journal], 2013, no. 16, pp. 36–42. (In Russian).
4. Gelbras V. Prospects of Chinese Immigration in the Russian Far East. Otechestvennye Zapiski [Notes of the Fatherland], 2004, no. 4 (19). Available at: (accessed February 2016). (In Russian).
5. Reports on Results and Main Directions of Activities of FMS in the Amur Territory. The Interior Ministry of Russia. Available at: (accessed February 2016). (In Russian).
6. Ivakhnuyk I.V. Development of Migration Theory in the Context of Globalization. Vek Globalizatsii – Age of Globalization, 2015, no. 1, pp. 36–51. (In Russian).
7. Massey D. A Synthetic Theory of International Migration. World in the Mirror of International Migration. Scientific Series: International Migration of Population: Russia and the Contemporary World. Moscow, 2002, vol. 10, pp. 132–148. (In Russian).
8. Motrich Е.L. Khabarovsk Krai in the Russian Far East Demographic Field. Vlast i Upravlenie na Vostoke Rossii [Power and Administration in Eastern Russia], 2012, no. 2, pp. 77–84. (In Russian).
9. Post-Soviet Transformations: Reflection in Migrations. Edited by Zh.A. Zayonchkovskaya, G.S. Vitkovskaya. Moscow: Center for Migration Studies, Institute of Economic Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2009, 412 p. (In Russian).
10. Regions of Russia. Socio-Economic Indicators: Statistical Collection. Rosstat. Moscow, 2011–2015. (In Russian).
11. Russian Statistical Yearbook: Statistical Collection. Rosstat. Moscow, 2009, 2012, 2015. (In Russian).
12. Ryzhova N.P., Zhuravskaya T.N. Blagoveshchensk and Heihe: Trained as Trans-Border Practices. Integration of Economic Migrants in the Russian Regions. Formal and Informal Practices. Irkutsk, 2009, pp. 222–243. (In Russian).
13. Information in Respect of Foreign Citizens Residing in the Territory of the Russian Federation in the Context of Sex and Age (5 April 2016). General Administration for Migration Issues of the Interior Ministry of Russia. Available at: https://xn--b1ab2a0a.xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/about/activity/stats/Statistics/Svedenija_v_otnoshenii_inostrannih_grazh/item/58 50/ (accessed June 2016). (In Russian).
14. How Much are Patents for Migrants in Regions of Russia in 2016. Rossiya dlya Vseh [Russia for All], 2016, January. Available at: (accessed February 2016). (In Russian).
15. Average Monthly Nominal Wage (Counted at Annual Average Rates of National Currencies to the Russian Ruble, US Dollar and Euro). The Interstate Statistical Committee of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Available at: (accessed February 2016). (In Russian).
16. Trans-Border Migrations and the Host Society: Mechanisms and Practices of Mutual Adaptation. Edited by V.I. Dyatlov. Ekaterinburg, 2009, 396 p. (In Russian).
17. Transformation of Migration Processes in Post-Soviet Space. Edited by L.L. Ry-bakovskiy. Moscow: Institute of Socio-Political Research RAS, 2009, 431 p. (In Russian).
18. Tsapenko I. Drivers of International Migration of Population. Mirovaya Ekonomika i Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya – World Economy and International Relations, 2007, no. 3, pp. 3–14. (In Russian).
19. Shteynberg I., Shanin T., Kovalev E., Levinson A. The Field of Sociological Research. Saint Petersburg, 2009, 356 p. (In Russian).
20. Yudina T.N. Migration: А Glossary of Key Terms. Moscow, 2007, 472 p. (In Russian).
21. Lee E. A Theory of Migration. Demography, 1966, vol. 3, issue 1, pр. 47–57. DOI: 10.2307/2060063
22. Massey D. Why Does Immigration Occur? A Theoretical Synthesis. The Handbook of International Migration: The American Experience. Edited by C. Hirschman, P. Kasinitz, J. DeWind. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1999, pp. 34–52.
23. Massey D., Arango J., Hugo G., Kouaouci A., Pellegrino A., Taylor E. Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal. Population and Development Review, 1993, vol. 19, issue 3, pр. 431–466. DOI: 10.2307/2938462
24. Piore M. Birds of Passage: Migrant Labour and Industrial Societies. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979, 229 p. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511572210

ISSN (Print) 1815-9834
ISSN (Online) 2587-5957

Minakir Pavel Aleksandrovich,
Tel.: +7 (4212) 725-225,
Fax: +7 (4212) 225-916,
Samokhina Lyudmila, Executive Editor
Tel.: +7 (4212) 226-053
Fax: +7 (4212) 225-916,
Tel.: +7 (4212) 226-053,
Fax: +7 (4212) 225-916,
To Editorial Staff of “Spatial Economics”
Economic Research Institute FEB RAS
153 Tikhookeanskaya St., Khabarovsk, RUSSIA, 680042



Creative Commons License
Unless otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License