In the section Review, Discussion, Criticism
Title of the article Regional Aspects of Demand and Supply Shocks: Economy of the Khabarovsk Territory During a Pandemic
Pages 165-181
Author Artyom Gennadyevich Isaev
Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Leading Research Fellow
Economic Research Institute FEB RAS
153 Tikhookeanskaya St., Khabarovsk, 680042, Russian Federation
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ORCID: 0000-0001-6569-2982
Abstract The article provides an overview of the short-term dynamics of macroeconomic indicators for the Khabarovsk Territory during the COVID-19 pandemic after the introduction of temporary restrictive measures in April and May 2020. The impact of these measures extended both to the elements of regional aggregate demand and aggregate supply. From the point of view of the theory of short-run economic fluctuations, aggregate supply and demand shocks, such as those that occurred in the initial period of the pandemic, lead to a reduction in aggregate output followed by an increase in actual and natural rate of unemployment. Expectations have an additional negative impact since the growth of uncertainty gives rise to an increase in savings and an additional reduction in consumer activity. In the case of Khabarovsk Territory it is shown that the most affected industries of the economy were retail trade and services. Both industries experienced a negative shock in April, but while the former began recovery as early as May, the latter returned to the growth trajectory only in June. Residents changed their income usage patterns due to the restrictions on the consumer market, as well as to increased uncertainty about their future income. The share of net savings and cash balances increased with a corresponding decrease in the share of spending on goods and services. A negative supply shock contributed to a sharp rise in unemployment up to 24.5 thousand unemployed in the third quarter of 2020. Starting from the fourth quarter unemployment began to decline rapidly, but it had not reached pre-pandemic level of less than 7 thousand unemployed by the second quarter of 2021. It is shown that the permanent population outmigration, which increased in 2020, is a specific feature of the regional labor market. It has slowed down the return of the regional aggregate supply to its pre-pandemic positions after the restrictions were cancelled
Code 332.055.3 + 338.124.4
JEL J20, O18, R13
Keywords COVID-19 ♦ natural unemployment ♦ household expenditures ♦ migration ♦ economic growth ♦ Khabarovsk Territory
Download SE.2021.2.165-181.Isaev.pdf
For citation Isaev A.G. Regional Aspects of Demand and Supply Shocks: Economy of the Khabarovsk Territory During a Pandemic. Prostranstvennaya Ekonomika = Spatial Economics, 2021, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 165–181. (In Russian)
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Submitted 20.05.2021
Revised 30.05.2021
Published online 30.06.2021

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